What is municipal solid waste?
How municipal solid waste is managed?
3. Processing: MSW is processed to reduce its volume and weight, recover materials, and/or convert waste to energy. Common processing methods include recycling, composting, and waste-to-energy conversion. The goal of processing is to reduce the amount of waste that ends up in landfills and to recover resources
2. Transportation: Once collected, MSW is transported to a facility for processing or disposal. Transportation methods can vary depending on the distance, volume, and other factors. Trucks, trains, and barges are common modes of transportation for MSW.
4. Disposal: Any remaining waste that cannot be processed is disposed of in a landfill or incinerator. Landfills are designed to isolate waste from the environment, while incinerators burn waste to generate energy. The goal of disposal is to minimize the environmental impact of waste and protect public health.
However, MSW in India also presents an opportunity for resource recovery and sustainable development. Currently, a large portion of MSW in India is not managed effectively, leading to environmental and public health problems. However, if managed properly, MSW can be a source of valuable resources and energy.
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